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"Gate City"
"Quiet place above all others upon a stream*"

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Red Cloud - 1822-1909 - Oglala Sioux leader. - Move mouse pointer over name to see comment.
Red Cloud


Geronimo - 1829-1909 - Apache leader. - Move mouse pointer over name to see comment.


Sitting Bull - 1834-1890 - Hunkpapa Sioux leader. - Move mouse pointer over name to see comment.
Sitting Bull


Chief Joseph - Move mouse pointer over name to see quote.
Chief Joseph


Favorite Natives

   Chief Dan George
   Will Sampson

Favorite Native Music



Learn more.

Each of the Pow Wow info blocks below are displayed for approximately 45 days prior and throughout the event. Some larger events with websites are displayed much earlier to help with vacation planning (as much as 150 days). Some events do not have a website; for those that do, the text and link is in lilac color, with a gold border; the others are in light blue, with a red border. An additional green border inside indicates the event has been canceled. It may be canceled for the year, or it may be rescheduled for a later date in the same year.

August, September, October, November, December


4th Annual Wakpamni Lake Area Communities Traditional Wacipi & Horse Races
(First weekend in July)
Fri, Sat, Sun
July 6-8, 2018
(was 9-11 days ago)

North Side of Hwy 18 in town
Batesland, SD 57716

(Google Maps and Satellite maps logo)
Wilma Standing Bear at 605-288-1922
Robert and Sharon Two Crow at 605-288-1873
Connie LeBreau at 605-407-7715

15th Annual Greenwood Wacipi - Traditional
(First weekend in July)
Fri, Sat, Sun
July 6-8, 2018
(was 9-11 days ago)

38965 County Road 2
Wagner, SD 57380

(Google Maps and Satellite maps logo)
Doris Cook 605-469-6191
Kenny Cook 605-491-4849
Ida Ashes 605-481-0066


Vásquez's attack on North American Natives


Starting in Mexico, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado* entered what is now the United States near the bend at the bottom edge of Arizona.  Vásquez along with around 100 men* headed north ahead of the others.  Encountering several villages of small and medium size, Vásquez was sure Cibola existed further north.  Reaching the pueblo villages of Hawikuh and Halona (now Zuni, New Mexico), Vásquez felt the Cibola he searched for had been found.  The people resisted and fought back with fervor.  Undaunted, Vásquez's army powered with crossbows proved their superiority over the bow and arrow, continuing to fight until he overpowered the village.  In the aftermath, the gold he sought was not there.

Based on rumors of the riches at the Kingdom of Tequayo, Vásquez followed the Rio Grande to the east.  Instead of a kingdom, Vásquez found the mud villages of the Tewa natives.  Frustrated by not discovering the riches he hoped for, Vásquez camped out while sending out excursions in all directions.  To the north, Cicuye To the south, Albuquerque.  Areas around Albuquerque and as far as the Grand Canyon were searched for the fabled riches without luck.

To the northeast of Albuquerque, Vásquez came to the Kuauna pueblo near Bernalillo, a pueblo village having more than 1,100 rooms.  Angered by resistance, Vásquez killed and took prisoners.  Still no riches.

Survivors hid waiting for Vásquez to leave the area.  It is said that around this time, one of the prisoners let it be known that he knew of a place where the riches did exist called Quivara  Some speculate it was a plot to lead Vásquez away.

The expedition entered Texas to the pueblo of Floydada, where another battle ensued.  At the end of the battle, still no gold.  At this point, Vásquez was frustrated, his troops tired.  It was clear that 2,000 troops weren't needed to overcome such small odds.  All but around 30 were sent back to Mexico as Vásquez, the prisoner, and the others headed north, theoretically now in search of Quivara.

The exploration crossed over into Oklahoma approximately at the north east corner of the top of the rectangle, continuing north over the thin strip of Oklahoma into Kansas.

After entering into Kansas, Vásquez visited the areas around Liberal, and on to Lyons without any gold or riches.

The prisoner's fabled Quivira story was looking thin.  His purpose served and seeing the end, he admitted the charade and paid the ultimate price.

Vásquez traveled further to verify the rumors were in prophecy only before returning back along an almost identical path back into Mexico.  It has been speculated that Vásquez may have reached Nebraska, however, there is little evidence to support the claims.  Vásquez's steps were traceable, the exploration left evidence all along the way.  At every battle encounter, the evidence continues to be uncovered 476 years later.

In the end, Vásquez's encounters were no different than his predecessors in the southwest.  Even though the mountain of gold was not discovered, the golden Midwest was.

Additional Reading  Back to the top of this page.

Both Liberal and Lyons, Kansas have Vásquez de Coronado museums.

Coronado National Memorial in Arizona
Coronado State Memorial in New Mexico

Continue Reading  Back to the top of this page.

External sites

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